Identifier

Guidelines for Creating Identifiers

Table name, index name, view name, column name, user name etc. are included in identifier. The guidelines for creating identifiers are as follows:

  • An identifier must begin with a letter; it must not begin with a number or a symbol.
  • It is not case-sensitive.
  • Reserved Words are not allowed.
identifier        ::=  identifier_letter [ { other_identifier }; ]
identifier_letter ::=  upper_case_letter | lower_case_letter
other_identifier  ::=  identifier_letter | digit | _ | #
digit             ::=  0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9
upper_case_letter ::=  A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P| Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
lower_case_letter ::=  a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p| q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z

Illegal Identifiers

Beginning with special characters or numbers

An identifier starting with a special character or a number is not allowed. As an exception, a underline (_) and a sharp symbol (#) are allowed for the first character.

_a
#ack
%nums
2fer
88abs

An identifier containing a space

An identifier that a space within characters is not allowed.

col1 t1

An identifier containing operator special characters 

An identifier which contains operator special characters (+, -, *, /, %, ||, !, < , > , =, |, ^, & , ~ ) is not allowed.

col+
col~
col& &

The maximum length of an identifier name

The following table summarizes the maximum byte length allowable for each identifier name. Note that the unit is byte and the number of characters and the bytes are different by the character set used (for example, the length of one Korean character in UTF-8 is 3 bytes).

Identifier Maximum Bytes
Database 17
Table 254
Column 254
Index 254
Constraint 254
Java Stored Procedure 254
Trigger 254
View 254
Serial 254

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