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Introduction to Manual

Manual Contents

The contents of the CUBRID Database Management System (CUBRID DBMS) product manual are as follows:

  • Introduction to CUBRID: This chapter provides a description of the structure and characteristics of the CUBRID DBMS.
  • Getting Started with CUBRID: The "Getting Started with CUBRID" provides users with a brief explanation on what to do when first starting CUBRID. The chapter contains information on new features added to CUBRID, on how to install and execute the system, and provides a simple guide on how to use the CSQL Interpreter and CUBRID Manager. The chapter also includes examples of how to write application programs using JDBC, PHP, ODBC, CCI, etc.
  • CSQL Interpreter: CSQL is an application that allows you to use SQL statements through a command-driven interface. This chapter explains how to use the CSQL Interpreter and associated commands.
  • CUBRID SQL Guide: This chapter describes SQL syntaxes such as data types, functions and operators, data retrieval or table manipulation. The chapter also provides SQL syntaxes used for indexes, triggers, partitioning, serial and user information changes, etc.
  • Administrator's Guide: This chapter provides instructions on how to create, drop, back up, restore and migrate a database, configuring globalization, and executing CUBRID HA and CUBRID SHARD. Also it includes instructions on how to use the cubrid utility, which starts and stops the server, broker, and CUBRID Manager server, etc.
  • Performance Tuning: The "Performance Tuning" chapter provides instructions on setting system parameters that may influence the performance. This chapter provides information on how to use the configuration file for the server and broker, and describes the meaning of each parameter.
  • API Reference: This chapter provides information on JDBC API, ODBC API, OLE DB API, PHP API, and CCI API.

CUBRID is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), which supports object-oriented concepts such as inheritance. In this manual, relational database terminologies are also used along with object-oriented terminologies for better understanding. Object-oriented terminologies such as class, instance and attribute is used to describe concepts including inheritance, and relational database terminologies are mainly used to describe common SQL syntax.

Relational Database



class, table


attribute, column


instance, record

data type

domain, data type

Manual Conventions

The following table provides conventions on definitions used in the CUBRID Database Management System product manual to identify "statements," "commands" and "reference within texts."





Italics type represents variable names and user-defined values (system, database, table, column, file) in examples.



Boldface type represents names such as the member function name, class name, constants, CUBRID keyword or names such as other required characters.

fetch ( ) member function

Constant Width

Constant Width type represents segments of code example or describes a command's execution and results.

csql database_name


UPPER-CASE represents the CUBRID keyword (see Boldface).


Single Quotes (' ')

Single quotes (' ') are used with braces and brackets and represent the necessary sections of a syntax. Single quotes are also used to enclose strings.


Brackets ([ ])

Brackets ([ ]) represents optional parameters or keywords.

[ ONLY ]

Vertical bar ( | )

Vertical bar (|) represents that one or another option can be specified.


A parameter enclosed by braces ({ })

A parameter enclosed by braces represents that one of those parameters must be specified in a statement syntax.


A value enclosed by braces ({ })

A value enclosed by braces an element consisting of collection.

{2, 4, 6}

Braces with ellipsis({ }...)

Braces before an ellipsis represents that a parameter can be repeated.

{, class_name}...

Angle brackets(< >)

Angle brackets represents a single key or a series of key strokes.