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Versions available for this page: CUBRID 9.0.0 | 

Cursor Holdability

Cursor holdability is when an application holds the record set of the SELECT query result to fetch the next record even after performing an explicit commit or an automatic commit. In each application, cursor holdability can be specified to Connection level or Statement level. If it is not specified, the cursor is held by default. Therefore, HOLD_CURSORS_OVER_COMMIT is the default setting.

The following code shows how to set cursor holdability in JDBC:

// set cursor holdability at the connection level



// set cursor holdability at the statement level which can override the connection¡¯s

PreparedStatement pStmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql,




To set cursor holdability to close the cursor when a transaction is committed, set ResultSet.CLOSE_CURSORS_AT_COMMIT, instead of ResultSet.HOLD_CURSORS_OVER_COMMIT, in the above example.

The default setting for applications that were developed based on CCI is to hold the cursor. If the cursor is set to 'not to hold a cursor' at connection level and you want to hold the cursor, define the CCI_PREPARE_HOLDABLE flag while preparing a query. The default setting for CCI drivers (PHP, PDO, ODBC, OLE DB, ADO.NET, Perl, Python, Ruby) is to hold the cursor. To check whether a driver supports the cursor holdability setting, refer to the PREPARE function of the driver.

Note that versions lower than CUBRID 9.0 do not support cursor holdability. The default setting of those versions is to close all cursors at commit.

Cursor-related Operation at Transaction Commit

When a transaction is committed, all statements and result sets that are closed are released even if you have set cursor holdability. After that, when the result sets are used for another transaction, some or all of the result sets should be closed as required.

When a transaction is rolled back, all result sets are closed. This means that all result sets held in the previous transaction are closed because you have set cursor holdability.

When the Result Sets are Closed

The result sets that hold the cursor are closed in the following cases:

  • The result set is closed by driver (ex. rs.close(), etc)
  • The statement is closed by driver (ex. stmt.close(), etc)
  • Driver is disconnected
Relationship with CAS

When the connection between an application and the CAS is closed, all result sets are automatically closed even if you have set cursor holdability in the application. The setting value of KEEP_CONNECTION, the broker parameter, affects cursor holdability of the result set.

  • KEEP_CONNECTION = OFF: Cursor holdability is not allowed.
  • KEEP_CONNECTION = ON: Cursor holdability is not affected.
  • KEEP_CONNECTION = AUTO: The CAS cannot be restarted while the result set with cursor holdability is open.

Usage of memory will increase in the status of result set opened. Thus, you should closed the result set after completion.

Note that CUBRID versions lower than 9.0 do not support cursor holdability and the cursor is automatically closed when a transaction is committed. Therefore, the recordset of the SELECT query result is not kept. To keep the recordset of the SELECT query result in CUBRID versions lower than 9.0, set the auto commit mode to false and the record should be fetched before the transaction is committed.