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STDDEV Function


The STDDEV function returns a standard deviation of the expression values of all rows. Only one expression is specified as a parameter. You can get the standard deviation without duplicates by inserting the DISTINCT or UNIQUE keyword in front of the expression, or get the standard deviation of all values by omitting the keyword or by using ALL.

The return value may be different from the actual evaluation value because it follows the type of the expression specified as a parameter.



  • expression : Specifies an expression that returns a numeric value.
  • ALL : Calculates the standard deviation for all data (default).
  • DISTINCT or UNIQUE : Calculates the standard deviation without duplicates.

The following is an example that returns the standard deviation of gold medals Korea won in the Olympics. (demodb)

SELECT host_year, gold FROM participant WHERE nation_code = 'KOR';


=== <Result of SELECT Command in Line 1> ===


    host_year         gold


         2004            9

         2000            8

         1996            7

         1992           12

         1988           12


SELECT STDDEV(gold), STDDEV(CAST (gold AS FLOAT)) FROM participant

WHERE nation_code = 'KOR';


=== <Result of SELECT Command in Line 1> ===


  stddev(gold)  stddev( cast(gold as float))


             2                 2.302172e+000